past simple and present perfect explanation pdf

Past Simple And Present Perfect Explanation Pdf

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As soon as a time expression in the past is given, you have to use Simple Past. If there are no signal words, you must decide if we just talk about an action in the past or if its consequence in the present is important. Note that the following explanations and exercises refer to British English only.

Present perfect tense combines the present tense and the perfect aspect used to express an event that happened in the past that has present consequences. This tense is used to show a link between the present and past and is commonly used in everyday conversations, in the news, on the radio, and when writing letters.

Use the simple past when the action started in the past, finished in the past, and is not continuing now. Use the present perfect when the action started in the past and is continuing now. The simple past tells us that an action happened at a certain time in the past, and is not continuing anymore.

PAST SIMPLE vs PRESENT PERFECT - …

As soon as a time expression in the past is given, you have to use Simple Past. If there are no signal words, you must decide if we just talk about an action in the past or if its consequence in the present is important. Note that the following explanations and exercises refer to British English only. We cannot accept this in our exercises, however, as this would lead to confusions amongst those who have to learn the differences. Do you just want to express what happened in the past? Or do you want to emphasise the result a past action's consequence in the present?

Exceptions when adding 'ed': when the final letter is e , only add d Example: love - love d after a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled Example: admit - admi tt ed final l is always doubled in British English not in American English Example: travel - trave ll ed after a consonant, final y becomes i but: not after a vowel Example: worry - worr i ed but: play - pla y ed.

Emphasis on action Example: I bought a new bike. Emphasis on result Example: I have bought a new bike. With this sentence I actually want to express that I have a new bike now.

Present perfect vs past simple PDF

Both Present Perfect and Past Simple are used to talk about a completed action. The difference is the following:. Present Perfect denotes recent actions and events which are connected with the present. Past Simple denotes actions and events in finished time periods last week, yesterday, at the weekend, etc. The Present Perfect is used to talk about an action that took place in the recent past and is still relevant to the present moment. In statements showing an event or situation which began in the past and continues now, we often use time expressions with since and for , e.

Past Simple and Present Perfect With NEVER

How can I use the present tense to talk about the past in English? As a language learner, you may be quite confused about the difference between the present perfect and the simple past tenses. After all, they both refer to events that already happened and are now in the past. I was very confused and it was only later that I learned the differences between the two.

We use the past simple to refer to definite time in the past when we specify the time or how long and usually with past time expressions such as yesterday , two weeks ago, last year, in :. We met in January We went to America together in Not: We have met in January We have gone to America together in

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