File Name: animal rights and human morality .zip
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- Animal ethics
- The Moral Status of Animals
- Rollin’s Theory of Animal Welfare and Its Ethical Implications
Animal ethics is a branch of ethics which examines human-animal relationships, the moral consideration of animals and how nonhuman animals ought to be treated. The subject matter includes animal rights , animal welfare , animal law , speciesism , animal cognition , wildlife conservation , wild animal suffering ,  the moral status of nonhuman animals, the concept of nonhuman personhood , human exceptionalism , the history of animal use, and theories of justice. The history of the regulation of animal research was a fundamental step towards the development of animal ethics, as this was when the term "animal ethics" first emerged. Many did not support this act as it communicated that if there was human benefit resulting from the tests, the suffering of the animals was justifiable.
The Clouded Mirror. Moral Community and Moral Order. Life, Death, and Animals. Killing Persons and Other Beings. Interspecific Justice and Animal Slaughter. Ecology, Morality, and Hunting. Humans as Hunting Animals. Apes and Language Research.
The Priority of Human Interests. Do Animals Have a Right to Life? Deciding What to Kill. Chicken—Environment Interactions. Against a Scientific Justification of Animal Experiments. Fighting for Animal Rights. Back Matter Pages The contributors take very different approaches to their topics and come to widely divergent conclusions.
The goal of the volume as a whole is to shed a brighter light upon an aspect of human life-our relations with the other animals-that has recently seen a great increase in interest and in the generation of heat. The discussions and debates contained herein are addressed by the contributors to each other, to the general public, and to the academic world, especially the biological, philosophical, and political parts of that world. There is also a general introduction and an Epilog that suggests alternate possible ways of organizing the material.
The first two sections are concerned with the place of animals in the human world: Section I with the ways humans view animals in literature, philosophy, and other parts of human culture, and Section II with the place of animals in human legal and moral community. The next three sections concern comparisons between human and nonhuman animals: Section III on the rights and wrongs of killing, Section IV on the humanity of animals and the animality of humans, and Section V on questions of the conflict of human and animal interests.
Animal Liberation ethics language morality philosophy research treatment. Editors and affiliations. Williams 1.
The Moral Status of Animals
Animal Welfare pp Cite as. Bernard E. Rollin has written several books on animal welfare and our moral obligation to respect it when using animals for research or for food related activities. In his earliest work, Animal Rights and Human Morality , Rollin argues that non-human animals have a moral right to have their interests considered and they have a moral right to life. In subsequent works, the right to life is not mentioned. Rollin argues that animals should be admitted to the moral arena because they have needs and interests, and these should not be limited to merely pleasure and pain.
by Ronald. Dworkin to the conclusion that if the moral claims of Part One are true, animals should be granted legal rights. Philosophers will be bothered by Rollin's.
Rollin’s Theory of Animal Welfare and Its Ethical Implications
This article presents a theory of animal rights developed from basic categories in moral and political philosophy about the nature and sources of rights. It concentrates on aspects of contemporary rights theory that are suited to the analysis and justification of animal rights. It argues that rights are justified claims that individuals, groups, and institutions can press upon others or upon society.
Historically, the scientific community—at least in the USA—did not perceive the use of animals in research as an ethical issue. Anyone who raised questions about the way animals were kept and treated during experiments ran the risk of being stigmatized as an anti-vivisectionist; a misanthrope preferring animals to people; or an ingrate who did not value the contributions of biomedical science to human health and well-being. To be fair, anti-vivisectionists were not much more sophisticated at the time—conceptually or morally.
Tom L. Beauchamp
Меган сидела на унитазе с закатившимися вверх глазами. В центре лба зияло пулевое отверстие, из которого сочилась кровь, заливая лицо. - О Боже! - воскликнул он в ужасе. - Esta muerta, - прокаркал за его спиной голос, который трудно было назвать человеческим. - Она мертва. Беккер обернулся как во сне. - Senor Becker? - прозвучал жуткий голос.
- Смотрите. Сьюзан кивнула. Так и есть, примерно через каждые двадцать строк появляется произвольный набор четырех знаков. Сьюзан пробежала все их глазами. PFEE SESN RETM - Альфа-группы из четырех знаков, - задумчиво проговорила Сьюзан.
- Если бы они знали, сколько террористических нападений мы предотвратили благодаря тому, что можем взламывать шифры, они запели бы по-другому. Сьюзан была согласна с этим, но в то же время прекрасно понимала: Фонд электронных границ никогда не узнает, насколько важен и нужен ТРАНСТЕКСТ. Эта машина помогла предотвратить десятки преступлений, но связанная с ней информация строго засекречена и никогда не будет раскрыта.
Спасибо, не стоит.